The Cuban Revolution culminated in 1959, when Batista was driven out of Cuba by the rebels under Fidel Castro. The cities of Santa Clara and Santiago were seized as well by the revolutionaries under Che Guevara, Raúl Castro, and Huber Matos. This report was written roughly two years after the end of the Cuban Revolution, and focuses on the diplomatic relationship between Cuba and the United States.
The bulk of this report talks about John F. Kennedy’s presidency, as his first year as President of the United States was 1961. The report describes his efforts to overthrow the government of Cuba by way of mercenaries in Guatemala, Nicaragua, and Florida. The report also highlights that while Kennedy’s aim was to make it seem as though the conflict and invasion taking place was an internal conflict, it was seen as a conflict between the United States and Cuba. It provides insight into the political climate in the midst of the Cold War, and nearly 15 years before the creation of the Church Committee.
“Cuban Intelligence Report,” April 15, 1961, History and Public Policy Program Digital Archive, Released by Cuban Government for 22-24 March 2001 conference (“Bay of Pigs: 40 Years After”) in Havana. Translated for CWIHP by Christopher Dunlap. http://digitalarchive.wilsoncenter.org/document/115187.